In the past, it was the fierce fighting dogs. Dogfights were very popular in China, and in this lesson peyu ball was not equal. Later, these dogs have been selecting and become extremely decorative rock. Dog - a companion, guard.
"Dog of sand", "dog-therapist" - as in China called a ball singing. "Before you go hunting for a crane, lift the mood of his dog" - a voice command hunting time of Confucius. In the villages situated on the banks of rivers and lakes, the ball singing called "kurlykayuschey dog." Hunters hunted the birds noticed that the Shar Pei under strong excitation, especially if it something much pleased, can produce sounds resembling kurlykane crane. They used as a bait dog, because curious birds could not understand how such strange sounds are heard, reminiscent of their own cries. The dog, however, "kurlykaya" pleasure and making fun jumps, gradually moving towards the hidden snares, luring of a bird. Realizing that the success of the hunt depends entirely on the "dog mood", the hunters never punished their dogs, patiently taking down all of them misdemeanors.
In 1947, in China, the "enemies" were declared dog Shar Pei (no race in the world has been awarded "the honor"). They established a huge tax, and homeless ball Pei literally flooded the streets of Chinese cities, where they were brutally massacred. This nearly resulted in the complete destruction of the breed. According to the Chinese leaders, the dogs were taken from a huge number of workers precious rice because rice is a favorite delicacy ball singing.
When there are no known representatives of this ancient breed, "Velvet Sword," "boiled dog," "mini-hippo" ... They say, like a Shar Pei baby has put on Dad's pajamas - so funny it wrinkled skin. Puppy is delayed by half a meter and 5 times larger in volume than the torso. This is because the skin of Shar Pei - for growth, it is designed for an adult dog. Another nickname ball singing - "dog liznuvshaya sky."
The language of this dog is not pink, bright blue, or black, in dilyutovyh individuals - purple, this distinctive feature Shar Pei shares with only one breed of dog on earth - chow-chow.
The name "Shar Pei" literally means "sand skin". Sometimes called "dog-chock" because the trunk is a bit like a log.
"Before we go to war with a neighboring kingdom, intelligent ruler should make sure you are singing loudly keepers cucumbers (another of the names of the ball singing)", - says the Chinese proverb (4th century BC).
If after reading these lines you've decided to make this breed, so one lucky in the world has increased. And I congratulate you on the right choice!
In our nursery will help you choose a puppy, explain features of its content: care, feeding, education, the intricacies of breeding.
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was in fact, right now, no one knows, but consanguinity modern ball pei dogs who met for nearly two thousand years ago in the Chinese province - is indisputable. 202 BC-220g. BC
In this period the first archaeological finds from ancient Chinese tombs wall paintings and figurines of dogs with the typical features of a ball Pei: thick-heads, small ears, "buttons", "free"
skin, blue tongue and blue mucous membranes of the mouth. An example is the dog of the Chinese tombs belonging to the
collection of Avery Brundazhe, Asian Art Museum of San Francisco. However, the size of the ancient ball Pei was really impressive, the dog's weight
was about 60-70 pounds.
As you may have read earlier, "Before we go to war with a neighboring kingdom, intelligent ruler should make sure you are singing loudly keepers cucumbers" (4th century BC). The ancient Chinese observed characteristics of plants, especially cucumbers, squash and pumpkins to respond to the surroundings and especially the sounds. It was believed that during the day the plant grows normally, ie quickly as around the birds singing, talking people, sunshine, etc. But at night the plant's growth slowed, if not stopped altogether, and it is put to sleep. To stimulate the growth of his night, gardeners keep their plots in quite a large number of dogs (the ball Pei), which is responsible not only to night security area, but the "singing", ie loud howl, which had intended to "awaken" cucumbers and pumpkins from hibernation. Since it is the above vegetables are permanent and a favorite food of the soldiers, had strenuously "adjust" their growth, to get an early harvest and thus speed performance of the army. A sure sign of the impending war was a howling ball Pei, leading "the battle for the harvest." Since the vegetables for the Army needed a lot of blanks, the gardens were planted throughout the kingdom or principality, preparing for military action, and so it is at night, such a powerful voice against the "singing" that the creeps thrown. Pilgrims and monks avoided "singing" the principality side. "Singing" cucumber custody, sometimes other than stimulation of plant growth, and served for peaceful purposes. The more powerful and many-voiced it was, the clearer it became how powerful or not the army should have been getting ready for the show. It is sometimes held back from hasty step towards the next, which was in a hurry to send the embassy asking for the world, and to settle the conflict before it started.
Shar Pei in ancient China was called among other things "bee's grandfather." Shar pei peasants in the mountainous provinces of apiaries often kept as prized honey is expensive and was the basis of income of a peasant family.
It was believed that this is the only being who understands the language of the bees, that bees love and respect, and so they never otroivshis fly away without saying goodbye with his "grandfather." The peasants, however, came up with a curious way of catching the breakaway bee swarms. The autumn and winter, ie at a time when the bees are in a daze, they carefully collected and stored dog hair. When spring beekeepers produce wooden stuffed dog, which papered collected beforehand hair. When they noticed that Roy is ready to separate and fly away from the hive, the beekeeper exhibited before him a stuffed dog and a buttered honey flourish dog's tail, which was a very comfortable place for a temporary shelter queen bee. Roy, of course, just taking off, he immediately fell on his back, "Bee grandfather" to "say goodbye" and stayed there for quite some time, making it possible to host easily take it off and put in a free nest boxes.
1368-1644g. - (Ming) general rejection of keeping dogs in wars, famine and general insecurity and discontent. Dogs are not pets, and food.
1950, aware of the existence of only a few litters ball Pei: dogs survived in parts of Macau, Hong Kong and Taiwan. The remaining individuals are mainly used "on purpose"-dog fights. And often quite successfully ...
1960 of the world, there are only a few ball Pei. However, most dogs, to put it mildly, far from the true type singing bowl. Hong Kong factory owners are seriously concerned about the state of affairs in the breed. First attempt to restore the breed and kindling interest in it.
1965-th breeder Mr. SM Chen Pei takes the ball named Lucky.
1966-th year. A dog named Lucky acquired breeder Herman Smith, and is the first ball PEEM imported into the United States (up to 1970 dog was not registered) So with 1966 to 1967, the U.S. imported five dogs. In the late 60's - Shar Pei is listed in the "Guinness Book of Records" as the rarest breed in the world. That does not prevent enterprising Chinese use them in dog fights. The first name of the breed was "Chinese betta."
1968 - 1970, the first three litters registered with the American Association of Breeders of dogs (ADBA)
1970 - Lucky in ADBA registered as "Chinese fighting dog"
1971 - in the "Dogs" published an article on the rare breeds, including a snapshot of a ball singing with the inscription - "Maybe this is the last surviving representative of the breed." Reaction to the article was not followed, and it could well happen breed destined to disappear, if by chance a copy of the magazine would not have fallen into the hands of young and energetic, the breeder Matgo Love. He and Chung Ching, another breeder, already conceived plan to save the breed. They feared that Hong Kong will soon become a part of China, and again the mass destruction of dogs. Plan seemed hopeless, but reading the article in the "Dogs" gave G. Love the idea. Matgo letter was Margaret Fansvort, editor of "Dogs," in which he addressed the American dog lovers for help in saving the ball Pei from extinction. The paper was presented a concrete plan to save the breed.
1973 - publication of an article in April 1973 caused more than 2,000 requests for the purchase of the ball Pei. In this case, the imported ball Pei was very different from their current counterparts. First of all, high on, grace, dry skeleton and a height at the withers.
In December 1973 - the first Chinese Shar-Pei was unveiled at the All-American Dog "Golden Gate Kennel Club Show".
1974 April - in the form of, Oregon held its first organizational meeting of the American Kennel Club Chinese Shar Pei (CSPCA). It was attended by five breeders.
9 November 1976. was issued in the first certified CSPCA pedigree Chinese Shar Pei. Her dog was owned by Ernest and Madeleine Albright, Down-Homes China Souel, three years ago, having been removed from Hong Kong from the nursery Matgo Lowe - Down-Homes. In 1978 he held the first exhibition of shar-pei in Hinckley, Illinois.
1979, 22 February - 4 meeting approved CSPCA official breed name - "Chinese Shar Pei." Passed the first breed standard. The American standard is beginning to diverge from the original, taken in Hong Kong.
1979 - Shar Pei first become stars of the screen: "Shima" debuted in the Japanese film. "Tara" - in the film production company Disney - "Hobo worth a million dollars." Both dogs belong to Ernest Albright.
1985 Chinese Shar Pei breed is recognized by United Kennel Club, October 8, 1991, recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC).
In the early 90-ies of the breed first appeared in Russia. One of the first imported from the U.S. ball Pei - American Champion Alfa Lipstick.
Breed name: Mini Pei Mini Pei minipill, Miniature Shar Pei.
First the focus is on higher-dogs, but some breeders bred smaller and more compact ball Pei, but they gradually disappeared among the crowd. Recently returned to the miniature form a compact ball singing and these dogs are bred called mini drink. In 1994, Europe was set up mini Pei Club, which included France (headquarters of the club), Italy, Portugal and Spain.
Mini Pei Pei different ball more compact build, over-filled face, a folded skin and very small ears. Withers height of 40 cm, but the recommended average 35 cm minimum height 28-29 cm for miniature ball singing very important to have good bones, rib cage volume, relatively short limbs, than in Shar Pei usual size. Head relative to body size are bulky and heavy. Folds of the skin of a mini singing more than the singing bowl.
Breeding mini Pei is not a simple matter, as it seems at first glance. Material provided by your attention, not the result of research by Russian institutes and laboratories, and is based on years of in-depth and objective study of the breed by our American colleagues, kindly allowed to publish this information in the "dogs of today."
Miniaturization process of any breed in the first place is to find sometimes casual, but genetically determined variations related to the size of the dog in the same population, and the choice of its smallest members to be included in further breeding program. But as soon as there are a number of problems. First, focusing on the search for genetic units responsible for a small increase (or carrier code "mini"), you try, as to exclude all the other "junk" genes. But genes are interrelated, so the end result is those units that interact with mini-genes, can lead to a lethal combination. And second, how you can determine that the ball really is a mini drink (normal variation), or is it stunting dog caused a genetic error or disease.
The latter can be illustrated by a real case that occurred in 1987 in America. In one of the days of March 4-month-old female singing bowl was brought to the clinic for regular vaccinations. Her physical condition was very ordinary except for the conspicuous small. With the growth of 33 cm, it weighs 8.5 kg. The dog was brought to the hospital several times and for vaccinations, her condition remained unchanged. However, in May, has deteriorated: the dog looked very depressed and sick. By this time, she weighed 11.5 kg, but one-third less than its littermates. The disease progressed and after a series of attacks of neurologic death occurred. An autopsy showed hydrocephalus. According to the research, American scientists have come to the conclusion that it was genetically caused birth defects, and as a result - growth retardation. This was a mini drink.
In order to clarify who is called a mini or mini ball PEEM PEEM, we present the figures from the American National Standard Club miniature ball Pei. The height at the withers should not exceed 17 inches, which corresponds to 42.5 cm Anything above will be disqualified.
There are many diseases that lead to growth arrest. Therefore, breeders trying, as they think, to bring a new breed should be aware that stopping of the dog by nature linked to hereditary and congenital diseases and can easily be confused with the natural small stature. Often, these problems do not appear until a certain age or have a number of "erased" clinical manifestations of the "defeat" of dogs, apparently looking quite normal and are used in a breeding program.